The African governments have to adopt developmental economic policies which will  place the African economy on a production-lead growth trajectory in order to tackle the continent’s developmental challenges of unemployment, inequality and poverty. A particular focus is to ensure greater local processing of Africa’s abundant natural resources. Africa is host to considerable mineral reserves of strategic significance to the global economy, with an estimated in-situ value of trillions of USA dollars making the continent wealthiest mining jurisdiction . Africa can be defined as an economy with low levels of beneficiation, in the most of its minerals are exported as ores or semi finished minerals rather than high value intermediate to finished products. The value addition to raw minerals is aiming at providing a strategic focus for Africa’s minerals industry in of developing mineral chains and facilitating the expansion of beneficiation initiatives in the country, up to the last stages of value chain. In economics, the difference between the sale price and the production
cost of a product is the value added per unit. Summing value added per unit over all units sold is total value added. Total value added is equivalent to Revenue less Outside Purchases (of materials and
services). Value Added is a higher portion of Revenue for integrated companies, e.g., manufacturing companies, and a lower portion of Revenue for less integrated companies, e.g., retail companies.

The 2008 Nobel recipient for economics, Paul Krugman supports value addition of commodities from producer countries. It is possible to industrialize by leveraging on a country’s natural resources with government driving the beneficiation initiative .The NORDIC countries benefited from value addition concepts. Africa historical mineral industry strength, there is a potential to attract and develop technological excellence in mineral industries. This involves a range of activities including large —scale capital intensive activities such as smelting and refining as well as labour—intensive activities such as craft jewellery and metal fabrication such as machinery and equipment manufacture, research.

There are some constraints to beneficiation as we have limited access to raw mineral for local benefician as the bulk of current producers remain geared towards export of raw minerals, long term contracts
with their international clients .The international price determination of raw and intermediate minerals,
which do not discount proximity to production further compound the requisite access to input minerals for local addition. Most African countries must geared up encouraging mining giants to develop smelting and refining unlike to export raw minerals

The benefician strategy provides a framework that seeks to translate the country’s sheer comparative advantage inherihited from mineral resource endowment to a national competitive advantage. The value addition concept is aligned to a national policy which will enhance the quantity and quality of exports, promote creation of decent employment and diversification of the economy. The governments in Africa should keep calling for paradigm shift in mineral development, strategic investment in assets to maximize long term growth beneficiation, enhance value exports and increase sources for consumption of local content


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Enos is a motivational writer and Speaker.He is an inspire ,innovator and operates out of the box.He is willing to come to your seminars,conferences and forums.Lets network


Is it a curse being a black?

Unity stands for peace in the presence of conflict, love in the presence of hatred, and forgiveness in the presence of injury .Unity stands for peace in our lifetime, harmony /agreement, freedom, happiness and everything good.Unity honors the many names for God ,the many paths to God ,the many ways to worship God for there is only one power and presence of God and that God loves each one of us equally. Hope is a feeling  of expectation and desire for a particular thing to  happen.Bible hope is a desire based on a promise from God. This promise communicates the possibility of God’s blessing to the individual and encourages the soul.Today many people are anxious and even fearful and some have lost hope.The difficult economy ,the loss of jobs,violence and natural disasters has broken their hopes and dreams.Every where we look ,we see things going wrong ,wars ,famine,earthquakes ,xenophobic attacks ,racism,tribalism and human suffering . God created heaven and earth and put Man to be  in charge of the earth .No human being is bigger than the other,we are all equal.Lets fight and condemn  racism,xenophobic attacks ,terrorism.Africa lets stand up and say no to terrorism.We cant watch our fellow brothers and sisters being slaughtered like chickens at University  in the eastern part of Kenya.In Nigeria, Chibok girls and many people were killed and others  are suffering in the hands of Boko Ha ram.What does it solve killing innocent souls because you want to avenge your grievances towards government/for religion beliefs?The blood of these  innocent students shall avenge against those perpetrators.You can’t kill the spirit ,the spirit we will not die.lam not really comfortable my fellow continent-men the way  we treat each other.When we  are hitting the mark of arriving to one billion some people are busy depopulating fellow continent-men.Africa lets be united .Lets say no to racism,xenophobic attacks to fellow Africans in South Africa

.There is a report about a Congolese who was burnt alive in Durban,people and kids being beaten because you are a foreigner.Fellow continent-men in SA don’t take the law into your hands ,let government do its duty towards illegal immigrants.Why killing each other Africans?The bible says love your neighbor as you love yourself.During the aparthied regime fellow continent stood with SA.Why now ?  The first Black President Of USA Barack Obama and he is the fruits of the campaign of equality of races ,tribes in USA by Martin Luther King 11.Yes it was history for my fellow black-man to head USA but he haven’t yet  done much to break the yoke of racism.Why only blacks are being killed by police?We never choose to be black but l celebrate God who saw it good for us to be blacks.No color and race is better than the other.As fellow Africa l stand against police brutality towards African Americans in America.How can law enforcers in USA kill a fellow human being who is not armed?These  is typical racism which has grown to be cancer in USA which need to be addressed before something worse happens because bad had already happened.President Obama and USA Congress  do something to break the yoke of racism.African Americans deserves the right of protection from government.We can’t continue watch fellow black people being slaughtered like chickens .The recent attack at a church in USA that’s a radical typical racism.The foundation of that young man shows that he was born in mind that blacks don’t have a right to exist.How can you kill a fellow human being as if you killing a chicken,killing nine people at church?Lets stand against this.lam not in America but I stand with fellow Americans against radicalism /extremism in some of our people.Mr President ; this is the high time to introduce policies which governs gun control in your country.You break the barriers and limits  when you became the President of USA but please safeguard your legacy before some other people ruin it.If you need to take brave action against racism.We are one people with one name  called human being/Man

Image result for black people being gunned down in USA by police recently Africans Heads of States please fight poverty, diseases ,develop your citizens,utilize the God given resources to beautify your nations,protect your citizens,upgrade the standard of living.May God give you wisdom.Africa will never be the same .We are one people whether black/white.Lets eradicate the cancer of racism,human suffering and xenophobic attacks. We are one people .Lets stand United and let Love prevail.Lastly being Black its not a curse but its a blessing from God.

Lets shun racism

Enos Denhere

Email call +263773894975

Enos Denhere is motivational writer ,champion of betterment of humanity and can be invited for business and public management seminars/forums